RERA: Transforming the Real Estate Industry

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, commonly known as RERA, was enacted in India in 2016. This landmark legislation aims to bring much-needed regulation and order to the real estate sector. It seeks to protect the interests of homebuyers, promote transparency, and ensure accountability among developers and agents.

Key Features of RERA

RERA introduces several crucial features designed to overhaul the real estate industry:

  • Mandatory Registration: All real estate projects and agents must register with RERA before they can advertise or sell properties. This registration ensures that only compliant and reliable projects are available in the market.

  • Transparency Requirements: Developers are required to provide comprehensive details about their projects, including approved plans, layout, land title status, and completion timelines. This information must be accessible to buyers, fostering transparency.

  • Strict Adherence to Timelines: Developers must stick to the project timelines they declare. Any delays attract penalties, providing a strong incentive to complete projects on time.

  • Grievance Redressal Mechanism: RERA establishes a fast-track system for resolving disputes between buyers and developers, ensuring quick and fair resolution of grievances.

Importance of RERA in Real Estate

RERA has introduced several positive changes in the real estate industry:

Increased Transparency

Importance: Before RERA, buyers often faced misleading information and hidden charges.

Benefit: RERA mandates that all project details be made available online, allowing buyers to make informed decisions.

Example: Now, buyers can see the exact specifications of a property and the promised amenities, reducing the risk of being misled by developers.

Enhanced Buyer Confidence

Importance: The sector previously suffered from a lack of trust due to frequent delays and fraudulent practices.

Benefit: RERA’s strict regulations and penalties for non-compliance boost buyer confidence in the market.

Example: Buyers now feel more secure investing in real estate, knowing there are legal protections in place.

Timely Project Completion

Importance: Delays in project completion often led to financial and emotional stress for buyers.

Benefit: RERA enforces project timelines, minimizing delays.

Example: If a project is delayed, the developer must compensate the buyers, ensuring projects are more likely to be completed on schedule.

Fair Practices

Importance: Unfair practices, such as charging for super built-up areas, were common before RERA.

Benefit: RERA ensures developers can only charge for the carpet area (usable living space), promoting fairer transactions.

Example: Buyers now pay for the actual living space they receive, not for common areas like lobbies or staircases.

Effective Dispute Resolution

Importance: Resolving disputes was previously a lengthy and frustrating process.

Benefit: RERA provides a streamlined process for addressing buyer complaints, leading to quicker resolutions.

Example: Buyers can now approach RERA authorities directly for a swift resolution of their issues, rather than getting bogged down in lengthy legal battles.


RERA has fundamentally changed the landscape of the real estate industry in India. By ensuring transparency, enforcing accountability, and protecting buyer interests, it has made the real estate market more reliable and attractive. For anyone looking to invest in real estate, understanding RERA and its implications is crucial.


 Importance of RERA in Real Estate

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